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怀疑与学问评课稿

时间:2017-11-03 来源:台湾宾果28_台湾宾果28平台【官网授权】 点击:

hexintishi: jiunianjiyuwenshangcehuaiyiyuxuewentingkegao,fenxianghuaiyiyuxuewentingkeganshouhejiluhuaiyiyuxuewenpingkegao: yi、jiaoxuemubiao 1.xuexibenwenxianzuolunshuhoutichulundiandexiefahecengjinshilunzhengfa、duibilunzhengfa。 2xuexibenwen

 jiunianjiyuwenshangcehuaiyiyuxuewentingkegao,fenxianghuaiyiyuxuewentingkeganshouhejilu

huaiyiyuxuewenpingkegao:

yi、jiaoxuemubiao 

台湾宾果281.xuexibenwenxianzuolunshuhoutichulundiandexiefahecengjinshilunzhengfa、duibilunzhengfa。 

台湾宾果282xuexibenwenmingbaiposhi、jianjiezhunque、tongdaliuchang、zhangduanxiangyideyuyan。 

3.renshi“huaiyi”、“sisuo”duizuoxuewendezhongyaoyiyi。 

er、nandian、zhongdianfenxi 

1.benwenshizenyangyinyonggurendehuazuoweidaolidelunjulailunzhengde?zhaochuyinyongdejuzi,yanjiutamendezuoyong,linghuiyinyongdejingyao,yulundianqieheheyinyonghouchanshidengtedian。chuleyinyong,benwenhaiyunyonglenaxiefangfa?shijulishuoming。 

fenxi: benwenyinyonggudaidaxuezhedehuazuoweilunju,duiyuzengqiangwenzhangdeshuofuliqilezhongyaodezuoyong。kaitouyinyonggudailiangweizhumingdedaxuewenjiadehua,jiyongtaliangdejingyanzhitanzuolundian,youzuolunju,pojushuofuli。chengyide“xuezheyaoxianhuiyi”hezhangzaide“zaikeyierbuyizhe,bucengxue;xuezexuyi”liangjuhuadeyisigaikuoqilaijiushi: zuoxuewenyaoshanyutichuwenti。zhongjianyinyonglemengzide“jinxinshuburuwushu”,bingzuochanshi: “zheiyejiushijiaotaiwanbinguo28yaoyouyidianhuaiyijingshen,buyaosuibianmangconghuomixin。”yinhuashifenjingdang,yugaiduandefenlundianshifenqiehe。 

2.benwentandaoyaoyouhuaiyijingshen,er《shuoqianxu》yiwentandaoyaoqianxu,liangzhezhijianyoumeiyoumaodun?weishenme? 

fenxi: “huaiyi”yu“qianxu”duiyutaiwanbinguo28douxuyao,liangzhebingbumaodun。“huaiyi”shizhizaixuexiguochengzhongweileqiudezhenzhierdulisikao,“qianxu”shizhiyingchengrenzijidezhishidebuzuerkeqiuxinzhi。liangzhezhijiandeguanxishiqianxucainengqiuzhi,erqiuzhixujinghuaiyi,yiliqiuzhenzhi。yinci,liangzhedoushitaiwanbinguo28zairenshishijieguochengzhongsuoxuyaode: taiwanbinguo28jiyaoyouqianxujingshen,youyaoyouhuaiyijingshen,zheishiweiwubianzhengfazaizhixueguandianshangdeyingyong。 

台湾宾果283.benwenduociyunyongduibilunzheng,yigongyoujichu? 

分析: “本文共有四处运用对比论证。一、第4段“台湾宾果28信它,因为它‘是’;不信它,因为它‘非”’,从正反两方面说理,阐明“台湾宾果28对于传说的话,不论信不信,都应当经过一番思考,不应当随随便便就信了”之因;二、第5段“因怀疑而思索,因思索而辨别是非;经过‘怀疑’‘思索’‘辨别’三步以后,那本书才是自己的书,那种学问才是自己的学问。否则便是盲从,便是迷信”,通过正反两方面的结果,阐明“台湾宾果28不论对于哪一本书,哪一种学问,都要经过自己的怀疑”的重要性;三、第6段“对于别人的话,都不打折扣的承认,那是思想上的懒惰。这样的脑筋永远是被动的,永远不能治学。只有常常怀疑、常常发问的脑筋才有问题,有问题才想求解答。在不断地发问和求解中,一切学问才会起来”,先从反面说理,后从正面说理,阐明为什么“怀疑”是“台湾宾果28新学说、启迪新发明的基本条件”;四、第6段“古往今来科学上新的发明,哲学上新的理论,美术上新的作台湾宾果28,都是这样(指“对于过去学者的学说也常常抱怀疑的态度,常常和书中的学说辩论,常常评判书中的学说,常常修正书中的学说”)起来的。若使后之学者都墨守前人的旧说,那就没有新问题,没有新发明,一切学术也就停滞,人类的文化也就不会进步了”,先从正面概述事实,后据此事实从反面作一推理,阐明“怀疑”是“台湾宾果28新学说、启迪新发明的基本条件”。 

4.benwendeyuyanyoushenmetedian? 

台湾宾果28(yi)daoruxinke。 

台湾宾果28jiaoshi: yigerencongshixuexi,zongshixiwangxueyousuohuo,xueyousuochengde。danshi,congshijiqingkuangkan,bingfeisuoyoudeqiuxuezheqizuizhongshouxiaodouyiyang,qizuihouchengguodouxiangtong,youderenshouxiaohao,chengguoda,eryouderenqueshouxiaocha,chengguoxiao,biciyouchayi,youdeshenzhichayihenda,feichangxuanshu。wulunlishishang,wulunxianshizhong,doucunzaizheizhongqingkuang。zheishishenmeyuanguni?taiwanbinguo28ruhecainengrangzijixuexideshouxiaohaoxie,chengguodaxieni?yanjiuzheigewenti,xiquyouyidejingyan,duitaiwanbinguo28gaohaoxuexishishifenbiyaode,shifenzhongyaode。《huaiyiyuxuewen》zheipianwenzhangtandejiushizheifangmiandewenti,wenzhongtichuleyixiehenyouqifa,henyoujiazhidejianjie,xuehaozheipianwenzhangduitaiwanbinguo28henyouyiyi。 

台湾宾果28(er)buzhiyuedusikaoti。 

台湾宾果28jiaoshi: weileyouzhongdiandixuexizheipianwenzhang,taiwanbinguo28tichujigeyuedusikaoti,tongxuemenxuexikewenshikaolvzheixiewentiyingruhehuida。 

sikaotiyi: benwendejiegoucengciruhehuafen?gebufendeneirongshishenme? 

台湾宾果28sikaotier: wenzhangdezonglundianshishenme?zonglundianshiruhetichulaide? 

台湾宾果28sikaotisan: fenlundianshishenme?fenlundiandetichuyoushenmetedian?fenlundianyuzonglundianzhijianyouhelianxi? 

sikaotisi: naxiedifangyongleduibilunzheng? 

sikaotiwu: benwendeyuyanyoushenmetedian? 

(san)xueshenggeziyuedukewen,kaolvsikaotidehuida,zhezhongkaolvsikaotiyi(jiegoucengci)dehuida。 

(si)xueshenglangdukewen(jiaolianggexueshenglangdu)。 

台湾宾果28(wu)jiangjiewenzhangdejiegoucengci。 

tiwen: zheipianwenzhangdejiegoucengciruhehuafen?gebufendeneirongshishenme?(tongxuehuidabi,jiaoshizhuoqingshidangjiangping。) 

jiangjie: zheipianwenzhangyou6duan,fenlianggebufen:  

台湾宾果28diyibufen(di1、2duan)tichuwenzhangdezonglundian。di1duanshiyijuyinyong: “‘xuezhexianyaohuiyi。’——chengyi”;di2duanyeshiyijuyinyong: “‘zaikeyierbuyizhe,bucengxue;xuezexuyi。’——zhangzai”zheiliangduanquanshiyinyong,benwenyongyitichudewenzhangdezonglundiandaodishishenmeni?tongxuemenyongzijidehualaibiaodazheigezonglundian,gaizenmeshuoni?zheilianggewenti,dajiakehouzaikaolvkaolv,xiajiekelaihuida。 

台湾宾果28(liu)zhuduanjiangjiekewen。 

di1、2duan。 

台湾宾果28tiwenyi: di1、2duantichulewenzhangdezonglundian,zheigezonglundianshishenme? 

jiangjie: benwendezonglundianshijieyonggudaixuezhedemingyantichude,zonglundianshi“xuezhexianyaohuiyi”,huozheshi“xuezexuyi”。ruguoyongtaiwanbinguo28zijidehualaibiaoda,zonglundianshi“yanjiuxuewenbixuyouhuaiyijingshen”。 

tiwener: yinyongxuezhedemingyanyitichulundian,zheizhongxiefayoushenmehaochu? 

jiangjie: zheizhongxiefa,jitichulelundian,tongshixuezhedemingyanbenshenyeshiyigezhengminglundiandeyoulilunju,zheijiushidelundiandeshuofuligengweizengqiang。 

di3duan。 

jiaoshi: di3duanzaiwenzhangzhongshigezhongyaoduanluo,danlijieqilaiyouyidingnandu,tongxuemenyuedushiyaoduojiasikao。zheiduanwenzhangyigongshisijuhua: ①xuewendejichushishishihegenju。②shishihegenjudelaiyuanyouliangzhong: yizhongshizijiqinyankanjiande;yizhongshitingbierenchuanshuode。③piruzaikunnanweijideshihou,gediyidingyouxuduokoutoudexiaoxi,shuoderuhexiongxian,neibianshibierendechuanshuo,buyidingkekao;yaozhidaoshijideqingxing,zhiyoukaozijiqinziquguancha。④zuoxuewenyeshiyiyang,zuiyaojinzuikekaodecailiaoshizijiqinjiandeshishigenju;danzheizhongzhengjuyoushihoubunengqinzikandao,bianzhinengkaobierendechuanshuole。duizheiduanwenzhang,youjigewentixuyaonongqingchu。 

tiwenyi: duizheiduanwenzhangsijuhuazhijiancengciguanxidelijie,xiamianjizhongkanfanazhongshizhengquede?weishenme? 

jiangjie: dshizhengquede。yinwei①xuewendejichushishishihegenju,②ershishihegenjudelaiyuanyouliangzhong(yizhongshizijiqinyankanjiande,zheizhongkekao;yizhongshitingbierenchuanshuode,zheizhongbuyidingkekao。③piruguonanweijideshihou……),suoyi④zuoxuewensuoyijudecailiaoyeyouliangzhong(yizhongshizijiqinjiandeshishigenju,zheizhongcailiaozuiyaojinzuikekao;yizhongshibierendechuanshuo,zheizhongcailiaobuyidingkekao)。 

台湾宾果28tiwener: disanju“piruzaiguonanweijideshihou……”,shijulilunzhenghaishibiyulunzheng? 

jiangjie: zheijushibiyulunzheng,sheyuyishuoming“shishihegenju”

 



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