台湾宾果28

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中国早期人类的代表--北京人评课稿

时间:2017-11-12 来源:台湾宾果28_台湾宾果28平台【官网授权】 点击:

hexintishi: qinianjilishishangcezhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao--beijingrentingkegao,fenxiangzhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao--beijingrentingkeganshouhejiluzhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao--beijingrenpingkegao: 《zhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao——beijing

qinianjilishishangcezhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao--beijingrentingkegao,fenxiangzhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao--beijingrentingkeganshouhejilu

zhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao--beijingrenpingkegao:

《zhongguozaoqirenleidedaibiao——beijingren》

jiaoansheji

jiaoxuemubiao

台湾宾果281.zhishiyunengli: tongguobenkexuexi,rangxueshenglejiehezhangwoyouguanyuanmouren、beijingren、shandingdongrendelishijichuzhishi。

2.guochengyufangfa: tongguo“duibiguyuan、beijingrenhexiandairendetoubuyoushenmequbie”he“xiangxiang: beijingrendeyitianshizenyangshenghuode”,peiyangxueshengdeguanchahexiangxiangnengli;tongguosikao、tanjiu“shandingdongrendeshenghuobibeijingrenyounaxiejinbu“,peiyangxueshengdulisikaohejinxingbijiaodenengli;tongshipeiyangxueshengdeyuedu、shituheyuyanbiaodanengli。

3.qinggantaiduyujiazhiguan: tongguobenkedexuexi,shixueshengrenshidaozhongguoshirenleidefayuandizhiyi,jifaxueshengdeaiguozhuyiqingganheminzuzihaogan,peiyangxueshengzhenshirenleiwenhuayichandeyishi。

jiaoxuezhongdianhenandian

zhongdian: lejierenleideqiyuan;jianyaolejieyuanmourendediweihejibenqingkuang;zhongdianlejiebeijingrenheshandingdongrendetixingtezhengjiqishenghuozhuangkuang。

台湾宾果28nandian: lijiehezhangwocongyuanmourendaoshandingdongrenzaoqirenleidelishizhishi;chuburenshi“shizu”zheiyishehuizuzhixingshi。

jiaoxuezhunbei:

duomeitikejian、touyingyi、lishiguatu

jiaoxuefangfa:

yuedujiangjiefa、shitufenxifa、taolunguinafa、lianxiduibifa

kexing:

xinshouke

jiaoxueshijian:

1keshi

jiaoxueguocheng:

yi.daoruxinke(2fenzhong)

tongxuemen,zheijiekeshidajiajinruchuzhongyilaidediyijielishike,duiyulishi,dajiabingbumosheng,xiaoxuedeshehuikebenherichangdedianshijuxiangtaiwanbinguo28jiangshulexuduolishizhishihelishigushi,xiamianqingdajiajiehezijisuojiechudelishizhishi。

shijiegeguodouyouguanyurenleichanshengdeshenhuachuanshuo,zhongguoshenhuashuofawaniangniangyongshuihehuangnichuangzaoleren,xifangjidujiaoshuoshangdichuangzaoleshijieshangdiyigenanrenyadanghediyigenvrenxiawa。guozhenrucima?ruguobushi,renleijiujingshizenyangchanshengdeni?lishiyoushicongheshikaishideni?taiwanbinguo28guodelishizuizaoyoushiyousheichuangzaodeni?jintianrangtaiwanbinguo28yiqizoujin《zuguojingneideyuangujumin》!

er.jiangshouxinke(20fenzhong)

台湾宾果28shi: qingtongxuemendakaikebendi4ye,kan《taiwanbinguo28guoyuangurenleizhuyaoyizhidefenbu》tu。

台湾宾果28shiwen: 1、zaitaiwanbinguo28guojingneiyounaxiezhuyaodeyuangurenleiyizhi?

      2、qizhongyizhizuizaodeshinayirenleiyizhi?

(yi)yuanmouren(banshu)

    zhanshi“zhongguojingneizhuyaogurenleiyizhibanbutu”zhidaoxueshengruheguanchalishiditu。

jiaoshi: gurenleiyizhidebanbuyoushenmetedian?

jiaoshizhandianbo: gurenleiyizhidadoujizhongzaidaheliuliuyufujin(yinweidajiangdaheliuyushuiyuanchongzu、didishipingtan、tudifeiwo、qihouwenhe,shiherenleishengcun,nenggoumanzurenmenshengcundejibenxuyao。)

台湾宾果28jiaoshi: kaoguxuezhezaitaiwanbinguo28guodenaxiedifangfaxianlenaxiegurenleiyizhi?

xueshenghuida: yunnan、beijing、zhongqing、shanxi、shanxi、hubei、liaoning、hebei、anhui、jiangsu、shandong、sichuan、guangdongdengdi。

台湾宾果28jiaoshizongjie: taiwanbinguo28guoshishijieshangfaxiangurenleiyizhizuiduodeguojiazhiyi。zaizhongduodegurenleiyizhizhong,benkezhongdianlejiesangedianxingderenleiyizhidaibiao,ji: taiwanbinguo28guojingneimuqianyiquerenzuizaodegurenlei——yuanmouren,yifaxiantougaiguhuashiwenmingshijiedebeijingren,jiushiqishidaiwanqidedianxingdaibiaoshandingdongren。

jiaoshijiangshuyuanmourengurenleiyizhidefaxianguocheng: 1965nian,taiwanbinguo28guobingchuanxuejiazaiyunnanshengyuanmoupendijinxingkexuekaocha,zaidicengzhongfaxianleliangkeyachihuashi,houjingjiandingzheishiyuangurenleidemenchi。houlai,taiwanbinguo28guokexuegongzuozhezaitongyidicengzhonghaifaxianlejijiandazhideshiqi,yijiyixielingxingsanbudetanxieheshaogu。jingkexuejiaceding,zheiliangkegurenleimenchihuashijishiqi、tanxie、shaogucunzaideniandai,jujinyueyou170wannian,zheijiushitaiwanbinguo28guojingneimuqianyiquerendezuizaodegurenlei——yuanmouren。

台湾宾果28shi: qingtongxuemenxiangyixiang,congzheilininenghuoquyuanmourendenaxiexinxi?

台湾宾果28              shijian: jujinyue170wannian

              diyu: yunnanshengyuanmouxian

 yuanmouren       shengchanshenghuozhuangshikuang: huizhizaogongju,zhidaoyonghuo

              shehuizuzhi,yuanshirenqun

              faxianyiyi: shitaiwanbinguo28guojingneiyizhidezuizaorenlei

xueshengyuedujiaocaidi2ye,sikaowenti: neimetamendeshengcunheshenghuozhuangkuangyoushizenyangdeni?

台湾宾果28jiaoshixiaojie: zaiyuanmourencengjingshenghuoguodedifangfaxianleyixiecucaodeshiqi,yijidaliangdetanxieheshaogu,biaomingyuanmourenyijingnenggouzhizuogongju,zhidaoshiyonghuo

台湾宾果28shiwen: renhedongwudegenbenqubieshishenme?shenmeqizhejuedingxingdezuoyong?

台湾宾果28shengda: huibuhuizhigongju,laodongqizhejuedingxingzuoyong。

教师归纳: 制作工具是一种创造性的劳动,只有人类能够制作工具、使用工具改造自然。即使是再聪明的动物也只能利用工具,而且必须经过长期的训练。比如动物园里的黑猩猩能利用竹竿或木棍打下台湾宾果28上的野果子,它们利用现成的工具获取食物,是生存的需要,是动物的本能。而且动物只能利用现存的工具,并不能对工具进行加工改进,更不能制作出任何一件简单、粗糙的工具。只有人类能根据实际需要,制作和利用工具改造自然,因而能够制作工具是人区别于动物的根本标志。

wen: zaiyuangushidai,taiwanbinguo28dezuxianyoushizenyangshenghuodeni,xiamianrangtaiwanbinguo28gongtongzoujinbeijingrenheshandingdongren!

(er)beijingren

1.beijingrendefaxianguocheng:

台湾宾果28(1)zhoukoudianbeijingrenyizhizuixianyu1921nianbeifaxian。houlairenleixuejiagenjuzaiyizhizhongfaxiande3meiyachi,jiangtamingmingwei“zhongguoyuanrenbeijingzhong”,sucheng“beijingzhiliren”huo“beijingren”。

(2)1929nian,zhongguoqingnianxuezhepeiwenzhongfaxiandiyigebeijingyuanrentougaigu,tongnianyoufaxianyonghuoyiji。

(3)1936nian,zaitongyididianfajuechutu3gebeijingyuanrentougaigu。cihou,zheiyiyizhijinxingleduocifajue,gongchutu40duogegetidezhilirenhuashi,yijijin10wanjianshiqihedaliangdedongwuhuashi。

wentisikao:

台湾宾果28   huashishizenmexingchengde?duiyutaiwanbinguo28yanjiuzaoqirenleiyoushenmezuoyong?

台湾宾果28huashishidongwuhuozhiwusiwanghoudecantijingguozhangshijianermeiyoufulan,shunianhouchengweidiqiaodeyibufen.youjitizishenwanhaobaocun,huozaichenjiyanzhongdeyinmo,huoshengcunshiliuxiadehenji(chengweiyijihuashi).huashi,tongchangshidong、zhiwusiwanghoubeihanshuichendianwuxunsuyanmai,chanshenghuaxuefanying,ranhoukuangwuzhijiaruhuoyoujitibeipaichu.

huashishigushengwudehenji,duiyuyanjiugushengwu、guqihou,gudiqiudouyoufeichangzhongyaodeyiyi,lejieguoqushiweilejianglai,weilerenleigenghaodeshenghuo。

 

2.beijingrenshenghuodeniandai、didian

            shijian: jujin70wan—20wannian

            diyu: beijingxinanzhoukoudianlonggushandeshandongli

台湾宾果28beijingren      tezheng: baoliuleyuandemouxietezheng,shoujiaofengongmingxian。

            gongju: shiyongdazhishiqi

台湾宾果28            yonghuo: shiyongtianranhuo,huibaocunhuozhong。

            zuzhi: qunjushenghuo

台湾宾果28sikao: beijingrendeyitianshizenyangshenghuode?

台湾宾果28(wentifenjie: beijingrenshenghuozaishenmeyangdehuanjingzhixia,tamendeshiwulaiyuanyounaxie,tamenyoushiruhehuoqushiwude?)

xueshengxiangxiangtaolun,ziyoufayan。

shishenggongtongguina: huanjingxiane、gongjujiandancucao,kaocaiji、shoulieweisheng,yikaojitideliliangshengcunxialai。guozhequnjushenghuo。

shi: taiwanbinguo28dezuxianbeijingrenzhengshizaixianedehuanjingli,pingzhejiyuanshidegongjutongziranjinxingzhejiankudedouzheng,buduanjinhua、jinbu。

2.beijingrendetimaotezheng

台湾宾果28toufangguyuan、beijingren、xiandairentouxianghuandengpian,yaoqiu: bijiaosanzhedetoubuyoushenmequbie,zhichubeijingrentongxiandairenxiangbi,youshenmetedian?

shengshituhouziyoufayan。(qianediping、meigucuda,quangutuchu,,bigubianping,zuibaqianshen,xiahebumingxian,naorongliangbixiandairenxiao)

shishengguina: beijingrenbaoliuzheyuandemouxietezheng,danshoujiaofengongmingxian。

台湾宾果28wen: beijingrenjiranbaoliuzheyuandetezheng,dantaiwanbinguo28yijingchengzhiweirenle,zheishiweishenmeni,tayoushuomingleshenmewentini?

(jiaoshitishi: zhichurenheyuan/dongwudegenbenqubie──huibuhuizhizaogongju)

shengda: shuomingbeijingrenyijingnenggouzhizaoheshiyonggongjule。

台湾宾果283.beijingrenzhizaoheshiyongdeshengchangongju

(1)wen: beijingrenshiyongnaxieshengchangongjuni?

台湾宾果28shengdukewenhouhuida: shiqi、mubang、tianranhuo

(2)wen: beijingrenyoushizenyangzhizaoshiqihemubangdeni?bingqingtongxuemenfenxi: beijingrenzhizaodegongjuyoushenmetedian?

shengda: yongshikuaiqiaodaercheng;bashuzhikanchengmubang。

台湾宾果28tedian: jiandan、yuanshi、cucao

4.huodeshiyong

       zaiyizhizhong,haifaxianledaliangdemutanhejichujiaodadehuijindui,haiyouzaihuozhongshaoguodeshikuai、shouguheshuzideng。zheixieshuomingbeijingrenyijinghuishiyongtianranhuo,haihuibaocunhuozhong 。

台湾宾果28jiaoshishouxianjieshihewei“tianranhuo”: ziranjiezhongziranshengchengdehuozhong。

wen: qingtongxuemenxiangxiang,tianranhuoshengchengdefangshihuolaiyuanyounaxie?(jiehewenzhongdongnaojin: beijingrenshizenyangdedaohuozhongde?)

shengsikaotaolunhouziyouhuida(daziranleidianshenghuo,senlincaomuziranshenghuo,lutianmeideziranqihuo,ouranmocashenghuo)。

wen: qingtongxuemenjiehexianshishenghuoxiangxiangyixia,beijingrenkeyiyonghuoganshenmeni?

shengxiangxianghouhuida: zhaoming、fanghan,shaokaoshiwu,quganyeshou。

台湾宾果28guinazhichu: huodeshiyong,zengqianglerenmenshiyingzirandenengli,shirenleijinhuaguochengzhongdeyidajinbu。

3、beijingrendequnjushenghuo

     jiaoshi: zaixianedehuanjingxia,beijingrenshikaoshenmeyangdezuzhixingshiyidaifanyanxiaqude?

台湾宾果28     xuesheng: dangshidebeijingrenguodeshiqunjushenghuo

jiaoshizongjie: beijingrenwangwangjishigerenzaiyiqi,gongtonglaodong,gongtongfenxianglaodongguoshi,guozhequnjudeshenghuo。

(san)shandingdongren

1.tiwen: jujinyue3wannian,zaibeijingrenhuodongguodediqu,youshenghuozheyiqunyuangurenlei——shandingdongren。zheiyizaoqirenleiweishenmebeichengwei“shandingdongren”?

台湾宾果28xueshenghuidahou,jiaoshijiangjie: tamendegugehuashishizaizhoukoudianlonggushandingbudedongxuelifaxiande,kaoguxuejiabatamenjiaozuoshandingdongren。shandingdongrendeshenghuozhuangkuangruheni?

            shijian: jujin3wannian

            diyu: beijingzhoukoudianlonggushandingdedongxueli

            tezheng: tongxiandairenjibenxiangtong

shandingdongren    gongju: rengyongdazhishiqi,danyizhangwomoguanghezuankongjishu

            yonghuo: rengongquhuo

台湾宾果28            zuzhi: shizushenghuo

台湾宾果28toufang“shandingdongrentoubufuyuanxiang”、“shandingdongrendeguzhenhezhuangshipin”、“shandingdongrendeshenghuo”tupian,yaoqiuxueshengjiehetupianzidukewen,huidaxialiewenti,zhichu: shandingdongrendeshenghuobibeijingrenyounaxiejinbu?

1.jieheshandingdongrentoubufuyuanxiangzhichu,shandingdongrenzaitizhitezhengfangmianyoushenmebianhua?(moyangtongxiandairenjibenxiangtong)

xueshengtaolunhouhuida: shandingdongrenyubeijingrenyoumingxiandebutong——youlemingxiandexiaba,qianelongqi,meigudiping,zuibuhousuo。

2.shi“shandingdongrendeguzhenhezhuangshipin”tu,shuomingshandingdongrenzaizhizaogongjufangmianzhangwolenaxiexianjinjishu?bingjulishuoming(zhangwomoguanghezuankongjishu,liguzhen)

3.zaiyonghuofangmian,shandingdongrenhuoquhuozhongdefangfatongbeijingrenyoushenmebutong?(huirengongquhuo)

台湾宾果284.shi“shandingdongrendeshenghuo”tu,shuomingshandingdongrenshenghuodejitishizenyangxingchengde?(anxueyuanguanxijiehedeshizu)

shizushiyizhongzuzhixingshi,shiyouxueyuanguanxijieheqilaidejiti。shizudexingchengyudangshidehunyinzhuangkuangyouguan,zaiyuanshirenjieduan,youyuganggangyouyuanzhuanhuaerlai,yincibicizhijianmeiyoulunliguannian,shuyuqunhunshenghuo,yejiushibujinmeiyougudingdehunpeiduixiang,erqiemeiyoubeifenguannian,jirenheyiduiyixingdoukeyihunpei。daoleshandingdongrenshijian,youyushehuidefazhan,zaihunyinxingtaishangbiyuanlaiqianjinleyidabu。jinguanhaishuyuqunhundexingzhi,danyijingyoulechubudejiatinglunliguannian。

台湾宾果285.shandingdongrenhebeijingrenxiangbiyounaxiebu?

(congtizhitezheng、shengchangongju、yonghuoqingkuang、shehuizuzhisigefangmianlaifenxi)

shiguina: chuyuanmouren、beijingren、shandingdongrenwai,taiwanbinguo28guojingneideyuangurenleiyizhicongnandaobei,fenbuhenguang。taiwanbinguo28guoshishijieshangfaxianyuangurenleiyizhizuiduodeguojia。

台湾宾果28si.wanchengxuean(10fenzhong)

xueshengyuedukewenziyouhuida,ranhoushishenggongtongdingzhengguinazongjie,tianxietubiao。

wu.ketangzongjie(5fenzhong)

tongxuemen,dajiatongguojintiandexuexi,lejiedaotaiwanbinguo28guolishiyoujiu,shishijiewenmingguguozhiyi,yeshirenleidefayuandizhiyi。



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