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初中英语考点最全整理之实词篇

时间:2015-06-24 来源:台湾宾果28_台湾宾果28平台【官网授权】 未知 作者:实习编辑 点击:

hexintishi: guanci: (1)a/an dequfen: zhuyiyiukaitoudedanci。 ruguofazimuubenshendeyin/ju: /,qianmianjiaa: a useful book a university a usual chair ruguofayiwaideyin,qianmianjiaan: an unusual chair, an unimportant meeting, an unforgetable experience (2)qiuleiyundonghesancanfan

  冠词:
  (1)a/an 的区分: 注意以“U”开头的单词。
  如果发字母u本身的音/ju: /,前面加a:
  a useful book
  a university
  a usual chair
  如果发以外的音,前面加an:
  an unusual chair,
  an unimportant meeting,
  an unforgetable experience
  (2)球类运动和三餐饭前不加the
  play football
  play table tennis
  乐器前加the
  play the violin
  play the piano
  (3)a—一个,the—那个
  (4)高难度竞赛题
  a  “u”
  an “h”
  an “s”
  an “x”
  用汉语拼音给字母注音,如有声母,就用a,如 U—you;如没有声母,就用an,如H—ei qi,S—ai si,X—ai ke si
 
  叹词(不考)
  连词
  (1) 连词半边天现象:
  Although ,though 与but通常不连用
  because 与 so 不连用
  if (如果)与then 不连用
  (2) 就近一致连词
  neither...nor
  either...or
  not only...but also
  not...but...
  (3) 连接句子与to do 形式
  because +句子(有完整主谓结构)
  because of +介词宾语(名词等)
  in order to do (in order not to do )
  in order that +句子
  so as to
  so as that +句子
  so...that +句子
  too...to do
  enough to do
  so good a book that +句子
  such a good book that+句子
  so good that+句子
  (4) 重要联词的应用
  unless(=if not)除非
  or 否则(威胁,劝告)
  as if / as though (仿佛)
  even if / even though (即使)
  not...until (直到...才)
 
  介词
  (1) 介词+doing
  介词+ 代词宾格形式 Neither of us is late.
  The book is for you.
  The knife is used for cutting things.
  Tom is sitting between him and me.(禁用“I”)
  关联记忆: 介意 Mind + doing
  Would you mind my smoking here?
  (2) on  in  at 的用法:
  表时间:
  on(天优先,只要涉及天的概念就用on); in(时段); at (时刻)
  on the morning of April 1st.
  on a rainy night 在一个雨天的夜晚
  at the same time
  (3)表伴随:
  with / without , 或doing
  She is a girl with long hair.
  She is a girl wearing a new dress.
  (4)表方式: by bike,on foot
  没有冠词“a”或名词复数
  What time is it by your watch?
  The boss pays us by week.
  He beat her with a book.(with后要带a或复数)
  speak in English
  Write in ink
  (5) 介词(不加the)+名词
  at table 在桌旁,且在吃饭(两层意思)
  at the table 在桌旁,具体干什么不清楚
  at school
  in the school
 
  名词
  (1) 单复数特殊变化:
  男、女、脚foot-feet、牙、鹅goose-geese、孩子
  people(可数名词),sheep, deer(鹿) 单复数同形
  中、日不变;英、法a-e;美、德(加S)
  Amercians,Germans
  (2) 名词的复数重心转移:
  This is an old pair of shoes. I want a new pair .
  (3) 带性别的复合词组:
  women(变) doctors(变)
  bus lines(只变最后一词)
 
  动词
  动词变化三大黄金法则:
  主谓一致 , 就近一致, 双动词关系
  主谓一致: 谓语动词跟着主语发生变化
  第三人称单数现象(集体名词做主语)
  Our class are playing football now (与人有关的动作)
  Our class is a small one (整体)
  主谓一致之就近一致(必考):
  There be 句型
  Either    or
  Neither...nor...
  not only...but also..
  Not only they but also I am wrong.
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